14th November is the day, having significance in diabetes calendar it marks the birthday of the man who co-discovered insulin.
Diabetes is considered as two types, Type 1 and Type 2. Whereas recently gestational Diabetes is also becoming very common.
Diabetes is mainly considered as the most common medical condition that is considered to be reasonable to create a risk of most complications in the human body. Globally the ratio is about O.59 up to 14.9 percent. Up to this percentage of pregnant ladies, experience being gestational diabetic. Although, consequently, the prevalence of diabetes mellitus is far more.
HOW IS DIABETES -TYPE -1 IS DIAGNOSED?
The amount of glucose in the body is controlled by a hormone named “INSULIN”. In type one diabetes, the amount of sugar (glucose) rises abnormally high, in the blood. In some cases, the level of glucose rises to such a great extent that insulin becomes unable to control. Mostly the symptoms like frequent urination, dizziness, slow healing, usually at end of the second trimester reveal that the body has become insulin resistant. And the patient starts tomorrow craving more carbs because during frequent urination all the major nutrients and minerals are continuously excreting from the body, even some amount is mandatory for the bloodstream. But. Later in life, those children or people have a chance more likely to become patients of diabetes 2.
Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which your immune system destroys insulin-making cells in your pancreas. These are called beta cells. The condition is usually diagnosed in children and young people, so it used to be called juvenile diabetes.
Type 1 is often considered a secondary type but your beta cells are wiped out by something else, like a disease or an injury to your pancreas, rather than by your immune system.
Both of these are different from type 2 diabetes, in which your body doesn’t respond to insulin the way it should.
Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms
Signs are often casual, but they can become severe. They include:
- Frequent Urination
- Increased hunger (especially after eating)
- Dry mouth
- Weight loss, even though you’re eating and feel hungry
- Blurry vision
Type 1 Diabetes Causes
Insulin is a hormone that helps to move sugar and glucose across the body. Your cells use it as fuel.
Dehydration: When there’s extra sugar in your blood, the more frequently you’ll urinate. That’s your body’s way of getting rid of it. A large amount of water goes out with that urine, causing your body to dry out.
Weight loss: The glucose that goes out when you pee takes calories with it. That’s why many people with high blood sugar lose weight. Dehydration also plays a part.
Damage to your body: Over time, high glucose levels in your blood can harm the nerves and small blood vessels in your eyes, kidneys, and heart. They can also make you more likely to get hardened arteries, or atherosclerosis, which can lead to heart attacks and strokes.
There’s no way to cure or prevent type 1 diabetes however doctors know the role of genes
Type 1 Diabetes Risk Factors
Only about 5% of people with diabetes have type 1. It affects males and females equally. You’re at higher risk of getting it if you:
- Are younger than 20
- Having less melanin (White skin color)
- Have a parent or sibling with type 1
If your doctor thinks you have type 1 diabetes, they’ll check your blood sugar levels. They may test your urine for glucose or chemicals your body makes when you don’t have enough insulin.
Type 1 Diabetes Treatment:
People who have type 1 diabetes often lead healthy lives. But they need to keep a close eye on their blood sugar levels. Their consultant will give them a wide range that the numbers should stay within. Adjust their insulin, food, and activities according to necessary.
Everyone with type 1 diabetes needs to use insulin shots to control their blood sugar.
When consultant talks about sugar and insulin, they’ll mention three main things:
“Onset” is how long it takes to reach your bloodstream and begin lowering your blood sugar.
“Peak time” is when insulin is doing the most work in terms of lowering your blood sugar.
“Duration” is how long it keeps working after onset.
DI-A-BEA-TEEZ Lets Beat It Together:
Exercise is an important part of treating type 1. But it isn’t as simple as going for a run. Exercise affects your blood sugar levels. So you have to balance your insulin dose and the food you eat with any activity, even simple tasks around the house or yard.
Knowledge is power. Check your blood sugar before, during, and after an activity to find out how it affects you. Some things will make your levels go up; others won’t. You can lower your insulin or have a snack with carbs to keep it from dropping too low.
If your blood sugar is high — above 240 mg/dL — test for ketones, the acids that can result from high sugar levels. If they’re OK, you should be good to go. If they’re high, skip the workout.
You’ll also need to understand how food affects your blood sugar. Once you know the roles that carbs, fats, and protein play, you can build a healthy eating plan that helps keep your levels where they should be.